Generally, it is consumed in combination with boiling water or cold water. He was a scholar, the father of agriculture and the inventor of Chinese herbal medicine. The Origin of Tea - Some 5,000 years ago the “tea leaf” was discovered … a beautiful gift from nature that nurtured both the body and soul. According to Chinese legend, the history of tea began in 2737 B.C.E. He employs the Buddhist priest Shuko to develop a ceremony around the service of tea. The trade caravans consisting of over 200 camels take over 16 months to cross the 11,000 miles between Moscow and Beijing. The first teapots begin to appear – people didn’t have to prepare tea one cup at a time. Tom's Coffee House evolves into the first teashop called the Golden Lyon. The Dutch procure tea and Chinese clay teapots from Portuguese traders in Macao, and establish a trading relationship with the Japanese. The Dutch East India Company markets tea as an exotic medicinal drink, but it's so expensive only the aristocracy can afford the tea and its serving pieces. Tea was successfully marketed in Russia, when a Mongolian ruler donated to Tsar Michael I four poods (65–70 kg) of tea. ---A Social History of Tea, Jane Pettigrew [National Trust Enterprises:London] 2001 (p. 48-51) They begin to trade opium, (which they could grow cheaply in India) with the Chinese for tea. People of all levels of society now drink tea in England. By this time Lyon’s has over 250 tea shops, and taking tea, as meal away from home becomes a pert of daily life. Trade with China is expensive however, and England’s solution to its financial problem is opium. Revolution Tea is founded on the idea of bringing premium, full-leaf teas to consumers. The first tea plants, imports from China and India, are cultivated on a trial basis in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). The Boston Tea Party occurs when American patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians push 342 chests of tea overboard, to protest taxes on tea. The Japanese Shogun Ashikaga-Yoshimasa builds the first tearoom at his palace in Kyoto. The history of tea in China is long and complex, for the Chinese have enjoyed tea for millennia. Please take a look and let us know what you think. Chinese ceramics, silks, and exotic spices are much in demand in Europe. Tea becomes a popular drink in China for both its flavor and medicinal qualities. A furious British Parliament passes the Coercive Acts in response to the American "tea party" rebellions. Reddit. Dutch East India Company declared bankrupt. During this time, the tea plant was found to have a number of medicinal properties. The Japanese tea ceremony emerges onto the scene. The grandson of Thomas Twinning persuades the Prime Minister William Pitt to drop the high taxes on tea, not only eliminating smuggling, but making tea an affordable luxury to Brits of all walks of life. 图赞 compiled by Shenan, 审安老人. teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history, Complete English translation with translator’s notes. Shifting the priority from tea leaf to tea bag, the world’s great thirst had actually weakened the very nature of the experience. Tea catches on in the Dutch court. The Duchess of York introduces tea to Scotland. Japanese Buddhist abbot Eisai, who introduced Zen Buddhism to Japan, brings tea seeds from China and plants them around his Kyoto temple. The Chinese would become addicted to the supply of opium, ensuring a constant supply of cheap tea to the English. They would eventually break England’s tea monopoly with their faster sailing ships, and they paid gold, not Opium for tea. Marco Polo, Magellan, Alvar Nunez Cabeza, Niccolo Da Conti et al., containing the first mention of tea in Euro lit. First attempt at tea cultivation in the United States. Tea was poured into cups, which were then handed round on trays with jugs of cream, bowls of sugar, and plates of toast, bread and butter, and cakes. You have it twice a day and though the expense is considerable, the humblest peasant has his tea just like the rich man.”, The American Revolution is over, and America begins to trade directly with China. Tea is introduced to Russia, when the Chinese embassy visits Moscow, bringing a chest of tea as a gift for the Czar Alexis. The protest was against the Tea Act of 1773. While tea has an impressive history stretching back 5,000 years, iced tea has a history stretching back only as far as the discovery of preserving ice. Phoenix Arizona A town meeting is held in Boston to protest the Townshend Revenue Act, which leads to an American boycott of British imports and a smuggling in of Dutch teas. The Assam seed flourishes and becomes the first commercial tea from Ceylon. The John Company and the East India Company merge, forming the New East India Company. The history of tea spreads across multiple cultures over the span of thousands of years. Rediscovery and an entrepreneurial willingness to overthrow conventional wisdom, Revolution Tea restored the experience with a modern packaging method that could actually produce a tea bag using full-leaf tea. Tea drinking in ancient China never had all the customs attached to it that became part of the Japanese tea drinking ceremony, but tea was enjoyed. Iced Tea Punches While popular lore has iced tea being discovered by accident in the early twentieth century, there are documents dating the use of iced tea in the seventeenth century. According to legend tea has been known in China since about 2700 bce. In protest of British tea taxes and in what becomes known as the Boston Tea Party, colonists disguised as Native Americans board East India Company ships and unload hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor. New York tea importer Thomas Sullivan inadvertently invents tea bags when he sends tea to clients in small silk bags and they mistakenly steep the bags whole. The Adulteration of Food, Drink, and Drugs Act deems the sale of adulterated drugs or other unlabeled mixtures with foreign additives that increase weight as punishable offenses. Russian tea-drinking customs emerge, which entail using tea concentrate, adding hot water, topping it with a lemon, and drinking it through a lump of sugar held between the teeth. Samples of indigenous Indian tea plants are sent to an East India Company botanist who is slowly convinced that they are bona fide tea plants. Tea is planted in the Botanical gardens at Entebbe, Uganda. Mrs Florence Philips, a tea planter’s wife smuggled a box of tea seeds out of India and these were planed in Chipinge (Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe): led to the development of the tea industry in the then colony. They were invited to dinner by Altin Khan after he received gifts sent by the Tsar. Tea drinkers enjoy the art or flowers and then smell and slurp from a shared tea bowl. The colonists, resenting the monopoly that England has over them, begins to smuggle tea in from Holland. Australians were forced to survive off roughly three cups of weak tea each day, until 1950. 85034 United States. By an act of the British Prime Minister Charles Grey (the second Earl Grey and the namesake of the famous tea), the East India Company loses its monopoly in the trade with China, mostly in tea. Tea parties become quite trendy among women across the social classes. It first became known to western civilization through Portuguese priests and merchants in China during the early 16th century. “Initially there were lots of complaints about this ration, but over time, most Australians coped by just drinking weaker brews,” Peter said, adding that not all Australians coped well. “Throughout the whole of England the drinking of tea is general. The History of Tea – A Complete Tea Timeline The Origin of Tea - Some 5,000 years ago the “tea leaf” was discovered … a beautiful gift from nature that nurtured both the body and soul. Members seek salvation for the drunken men with “tea and god on their side”. The Legendary Origins According to Chinese mythology, tea was discovered in 2737 BC by Shen Nong, also known as Yan Di or Shen Nong Shi – (2,852-2737 B.C. The Trans-Siberian Railroad is completed, ending camel caravan trade between Russia and China. Parliament further reduces the British import taxes on tea in an effort to end the smuggling that accounts for the majority of the nation's tea imports. The Assam tea seed is planted in Java. And those people of Cathay do say if in our part of the world, in Persia, and the country of the Franks, people only knew of it, there is no doubt that the merchants would cease altogether to buy rhubarb.”. It thrives over the earlier planted China variety. Ready for a little bit of history? The Japanese emperor serves powdered tea, named hiki-cha from the Chinese character, to Buddhist priests. The book provided a timeline of tea's influence on social history through war, trade and culture - offering enough details to keep me intrigued, but not so much that I got bored. The English East India Company brings the gift of tea to the British king and queen. His customers, mistaking his intentions, like the convenience of simply dunking the sachet into hot water, and begin to order their tea in this fashion. Tea rationing was formally introduced in late February 1942 and by July a coupon system had been arranged. Tea comes to Europe, it is sold to rich people as an exotic medicinal drink. England wins “the right” to trade opium for tea. 1657 — Tea is first sold publicly in England at Garway's Coffee House in London 1658 — First advertisements of tea in a newspaper appear in London 1659 — London newspaper records that tea, coffee, and chocolate are sold "almost in every street" such as the shops in the famous Exchange Alley section of London (see map to the right) Scotsman James Taylor, manager of a coffee plantation in Ceylon, Sri Lanka, experiments with growing tea, planting both the China and India seed. During the Ming Dynasty, the Chinese start drinking tea, by steeping the whole leaf tea in hot water. The book covers detailed ancient Chinese tea cultivation and preparation techniques. Going back to the starting point of the “tea leaf” slowed production to forty-thousand tea bags a day but gained high marks for flavor, taste, authenticity and a reflection of the true attraction consumers have to tea. A German physician touts a warning about the dangers of tea drinking. Although there are several tea vendors that claim to have been the first to create this now world-famous drink, the most credible is Liu Han-Chieh of Chun Shui Tang Teahouse in Taichung. Yes, tea is that powerful. A Japanese monk named Gyoki plants the first tea bushes in 49 Buddhist temple gardens. In the 18th century, tea had heavy import duties, consumption was limited to the higher classes. ), a collection of first-hand accounts of travels by famous explorers incl. Buddhism and tea devotion spreads further. While distracted by his passion for tea, or so the story goes, he doesn't notice the Mongol take over of his empire. But believe it or not, there was a time before tea-drinking, and we’re going to tell you all about it. Tea is planted in and about Darjeeling, India. Italian Jesuit writer Giovanni Pietro (John Peter) Maffei writes: Historica Indica in Rome, talking about tea drinking in Japan, with the soundbyte: “The Japanese have as yet no use for grapes, but they make a kind of wine from rice. The first tea is sold as a health beverage in London, England at Garway's Coffee House. For millennia it was a medicinal beverage obtained by boiling fresh leaves in water, but around the 3rd century ce it became a daily drink, and tea cultivation and processing began. Hartford and Gilman buy whole clipper shipments from the New York harbor and sell the tea 1/3 cheaper than other merchants. Across the globe, people have come to rely on their daily cuppa and the jolt of joy that comes with it. British Prime Minister Robert Walpole reduces British import taxes on tea. Buddhism and tea journey from China to Japan. According to legend, an early emperor Shen Nong in the early ancient time discovered tea fortuitously. Before the indigenous Assam tea plants are identified, British naturalist Sir Joseph Banks, hired by the East India Company, suggests that India grow, plant and cultivate imported Chinese tea. The tale begins in the early 1820s, barely five years after the surrender of Kandy, the last surviving indigenously-ruled state in Ceylon, to the British crown. Black tea exceeds green tea in popularity in Europe. Tea likely originated in the Yunnan region during the Shang dynasty as a medicinal drink. Commercial development began during the 1850s. Parliament ends the Britain's Navigation Acts, and U.S. clipper ships are allowed to transport China tea to British ports. Some historians believe Marco Polo encountered tea in his travel, other historians point out that his writings fail to mention tea at all. Ceylon's successful coffee market turns into a successful tea market. Habits were formed, traditions established, and inspiring words written and sung declaring that tea is to become the most popular beverage in the world. Elizabeth I founded the John Foundation, with the intention of promoting trade with Asia. Assam tea plants take over imported Chinese plants in India and its tea market booms. The first Russians to be recorded as tasting tea were Ivan Petrov and Vasili Tumenets, Cossacks, dispatched by Tsar Michael the 1st as envoys to create trade with China. Turkish traders bargain for tea on the border of Mongolia. During Queen Anne's reign, tea drinking thrives in British coffeehouses. U.S. clipper ships soon desert China trade for the more profitable work of taking gold seekers to California. 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